Increase in sexually transmitted diseases in Germany



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Dermatologist: STD is increasing significantly in Germany
30.04.2013

STDs are on the rise again across Germany. After the number of infections with the various venereal diseases continuously decreased towards the end of the 20th century, a worrying trend reversal has occurred in recent years. In a current press release to the news agency "dpa", the President of the German Dermatological Society (DDG), Rudolf Stadler, warns of an increasing spread of the venereal disease.

According to the President of the German Dermatological Society, "The number of annual illnesses in syphilis has increased by 22 percent." Other venereal diseases, such as gonorrhea (gonorrhea), herpes simplex and infections with human papillomaviruses (HPV), have been registered significantly more again since the turn of the millennium . The greatest increase is in chlamydia infections. "With around 100,000 cases a year, they are the most common sexually transmitted infection in Germany," emphasized the DDG President. According to the expert, around 80,000 people fall ill each year with herpes simplex and human papilloma viruses, around 16,000 with gonorrhea and around 4,600 with syphilis. With HIV infection, the number of new cases annually amounts to around 3,000 cases. Although the improved treatment options have relieved some of the horror of STDs, the latter still pose a significant health risk that should not be taken lightly. Especially since adequate protection during sexual intercourse (using condoms) would prevent a large part of the illnesses.

Chlamydia infections are the most common venereal disease in Germany Among the venereal diseases, experts are particularly concerned about chlamydia and HPV infections. The risk of these lesser known venereal diseases is still underestimated, although chlamydia play a crucial role in infertility or fertility problems ”and human papillomaviruses can not only cause genital warts but, at worst, can also cause cancer, said the DDG president. According to his statements, improved vaccination protection could be appropriate for HPV, for example. "Vaccination against HPV is only used by 30 percent of young women in Germany," while other countries in Western Europe or the United States achieve a rate of 70 to 90 percent, explained Rudolf Stadler. In his opinion, even boys, despite their low risk of illness, should vaccinated because they could transmit the human papillomavirus during petting or sex.

Improved information about sexually transmitted diseases is required According to the DDG President, an important factor in the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases is the education of the population about sexually transmitted diseases. There are still considerable deficits to this day and finite "a continuous information policy is needed." Ultimately, the necessary educational work does not only include the schools, but "sexual health must be discussed in doctor-patient discussions", both for dermatologists and gynecologists , Urologists and general practitioners, Stadler emphasized. Since older people today enjoy relatively good health into old age and remain sexually active for longer, they should also be made more aware of the risk of venereal diseases.

Banalization of STDs? At its 47th annual conference next Wednesday in Dresden, the German Dermatological Society is dedicating a key topic to the venereal disease, not least in order to counteract the banalization of the diseases, such as those that occurred with HIV, according to Stadler. In fact, HIV infections have lost some of their original horror as treatment options improve. While the fear of AIDS in the 1980s and 1990s was reason enough for many people to protect themselves with condoms during sexual intercourse, this has apparently changed again since the turn of the millennium. "HIV is no longer considered a death sentence" and sexual practices - even among the particularly vulnerable homosexuals - are "no longer oriented towards security," said the DDG President. It is not uncommon for venereal diseases to be brought along on vacation because even in regions known to have high HIV infection rates, such as parts of Asia, Africa or Eastern Europe, careless protection is not used. (fp)

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Photo credit: Tomizak / pixelio.de

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Video: Sexually transmitted diseases STD in women and men syphilis, chlamydia, gonoirrhoeae and hermes


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