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By early September, 1542 infections with measles
More and more people get measles. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, 1,542 infections with measles were registered up to September this year alone, which means a tenfold increase compared to the previous year. Many experts see the reason for the increasing number of measles cases primarily in the decline in vaccinations.
About 40% of cases aged 20 years and older There have been reports of a decline in vaccination readiness in recent months, which means that not only more and more children, but also increasingly adults, are not protected against the highly contagious measles infectious disease. As a result, this spreads rapidly and leads to an increasing number of illnesses, which have had to be reported by the "Infection Protection Act" since 2001 (§6 IfSG). As the Federal Ministry of Health (BMfG) currently reports, 1,542 infections with measles have already been registered by September this year alone. About “40% of measles cases this year occurred in patients aged 20 years and older, 30% of all measles cases were treated in the hospital. The majority of cases with known vaccination status were unvaccinated (86%), 104 patients were vaccinated only once or too late, ”the BMfG continued.
Bavaria has the highest number of contagions. This means a tenfold increase compared to the previous year, because in 2012, according to the ministry, there were only 165 reported measles cases. The "stronghold" of the infections this year is the Free State of Bavaria with 760 cases, followed by Berlin (487 diseases) and North Rhine-Westphalia (122). The most recent measles outbreak was just one week ago: measles had broken out in a community school in Jena, and according to the Jena city council there are now ten confirmed cases, including eight children and two adults.
Numbers fluctuate considerably However, the comparison between the years is not as easy as it seems at first glance, because the numbers fluctuate considerably. In 2006 and 2011, for example, there were 2300 and 1608 cases reported, in 2010, however, “only” about 780 reported measles diseases. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, however, the absolute front-runner was 2001, in which more than 6,000 cases became known. How do such fluctuations occur? "There is no really good explanation for this," says Susanne Glasmacher from the Robert Koch Institute. In her opinion, it is possible that after an outbreak, many people in a region are immune and the numbers will decrease as a result.
Minister of Health Bahr announces measures to increase the vaccination rate For months, in the course of increasing measles cases, a general obligation to vaccinate children has been discussed. Health Minister Daniel Bahr (FDP) recently announced plans to implement a number of measures to increase the vaccination rate. In addition to more financial support for the education, the vaccination status of children should also be queried in the future when children are admitted to crèches or kindergartens. Until now, this had only been checked before starting school. Up to now, vaccination has been recommended for children between the ages of 11 and 23, but double vaccination is necessary for adequate measles protection. (No)
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