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Post-traumatic stress disorder after an accident can cause anxiety dreams
People who experience an accident like a serious car accident or a natural disaster often develop great fears. They usually disappear after a few days. However, if the affected person still suffers from symptoms such as anxiety dreams after one month, professional advice should be sought, reports Iris Hauth, board member of the German Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Neurology (DGPPN) in Berlin.
Anxiety dreams and stressful memories indicate post-traumatic stress disorder People who have stressful memories and nightmares after an accident for more than four weeks could suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the medical director of the Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics from the Alexian reports St. Joseph Hospital Berlin-Weißensee. PTSD requires professional help, such as trauma-focused psychotherapy, which can usually heal the patient or at least alleviate his symptoms, the skin says. Psychotropic drugs are mostly used only in acute arousal states. "The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder is made when typical symptoms persist for more than four weeks after the event," explains the expert.
In principle, PTSD can occur in every person, but certain groups of people have an increased risk. These include police officers, doctors, rescue workers and soldiers.
Turn to confidants after a traumatic experience “An acute stress reaction usually occurs a few minutes after the event and is characterized by a variety of symptoms that often change quickly. It can go hand in hand with disorientation, narrowing of consciousness and also inner distancing from what has been experienced. Some of those affected are unable to put what happened into words or have a complete memory gap, ”says the expert. "Typical physical symptoms are accelerated heart activity, nausea, head pressure, sweating, flushing or pallor, and restlessness and irritation or hyperactivity can also occur." Those affected would also avoid activities and situations that reminded them of the trauma.
The DGPPN expert recommends those affected not to remain alone after a terrible experience, but to entrust themselves to someone if necessary. "You should largely refrain from drinking alcohol and make sure you have sufficient regular sleep." Relaxation and breathing exercises are also beneficial. “You should also try to keep your daily routine. If you have difficulties doing everyday tasks or doing additional tasks, you can think about who could help, ”advises Hauth. (ag)
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